The two maps (27 April 1914 and 3 July 1914) illustrating the borders bear the full signature of the Tibetan Mandatory; the first also bears the full signature of the Chinese representative; the second bears the complete signatures accompanied by seals of Tibetan and British plenipotentiaries. (V. Photographic reproductions of the two maps of the Atlas of the North Frontier of India, New Delhi: Ministry of External Affairs 1960) Chinese respect or recognition was not necessary for the validity of the Anglo-Tibetan Convention of 3 July 1914 and the Border Agreement of 25 March 1914. the McMahon line was never debated at the Simla Conference, but by the British representative and the representative of the Tibetan local authorities behind the back of the representative of the Chinese central government by an exchange of secret notes in Delhi on March 24, 1914, that is, before the signing of the Simla Treaty. This line was later marked on the Simla Treaty map as part of the border between Tibet and the rest of China. The McMahon Line was a product of the British policy of aggression against the Tibetan region of China – and has not been recognised by any Chinese central government and is therefore extremely illegal. As for the Simla Treaty, it was not formally signed by the representative of the Chinese central government at the time, which is explicitly mentioned in the treaty. Long after the exchange of secret notes between Britain and the local Tibetan authorities, Britain did not dare to publish the corresponding documents or change the traditional way in which this section of the border was drawn on maps.1 From the signing of the De Simla Convention on 3 July 1914 to 23 January 1959, when Premier Zhou wrote a letter to Nehru. the Chinese never formally objected to the McMahon Line; even though they had a lot of opportunities to do so.
What were Zhou`s main objections? By Joe Thomas Karackattu This week marks the hundredth part of an important attempt to define and delineate the India-China border in the Eastern Sector. The McMahon Line was born on March 24, 1914. After the collapse of the Manchu dynasty in 1911, China was determined to unite Tibet as a province. When, in 1913, Tibet took advantage of the weakening of central government control to proclaim its independence, this was not associated with constitutive independence. The Dalai Lama`s government lacked stability and recognition. .